Blood Disorders

Blood disorders
Marlina Ralstin
December 12, 2010
Dr. Judy Jean

Blood disorders

      Amy, a four-year-old Caucasian female complains of being tired, is pale, and a picky eater. Amy eats only pasta, bread, and hotdogs, and only drinks artificial fruit punch.
      Based on the information provided above, Amy appears to be suffering from anemia.   “Anemia is the condition of reduced numbers of red blood cells” (Human Diseases: A Systematic Approach). Red blood cells carry a protein called hemoglobin (HGB) in them and the HGB attaches to oxygen in the lungs and transports it throughout the body. Iron is necessary to make hemoglobin and the body gets that iron along with other nutrients from food (   A reduction of red blood cell means that not enough oxygen is being transported to all the areas of the body and is what makes someone with anemia tired. Some of the causes of anemia include too little iron, vitamin B12, or folate. Other causes include damage to bone marrow, kidneys or blood loss from internal bleeding or a woman’s menstrual cycle, destruction of red blood cells, and some medications.
      There are several types of anemia and they include iron deficiency anemia, anemia of chronic disease, vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, folic acid deficiency anemia, and hemolytic anemia. Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia and based on the information provides would be the most likely choice as to type of anemia that Amy suffers from. The treatment for iron deficiency anemia would include taking an iron supplement several times a day and changing the affected person’s diet to include more lean meats, green leafy vegetables, and orange juice. Orange juice contains vitamin C, which aids in the digestion of iron (
      Marcus, a five-year-old, African American male, who’s mother carries the “trait.”
      Based on the information above Marcus may have sickle cell anemia. Sickle cell anemia is a genetically...