What has been the impact of coastal erosion on people’s lives?
In 1991, two rock groynes and a rock revetment made from huge blocks of Norwegian Rock were built outside the village of Mappleton. At the time they did not know that the protection of Mappleton would have such negative impacts on the livelihoods of others. The small settlement of Aldbrough, unlike Mappleton has no sea defences and so is free to be eroded at the seas will. The groynes mean that due to longshore drift, in the direction of the prevailing wind parallel to the coastline (south), Aldbrough and surrounding farms are eroded faster, as their beaches are starved of sediment, meaning that there is nothing to absorb the wave energy before it penetrates the cliff. In Aldbrough, several buildings have been lost, including the Spa Inn, the Talbot Hotel and the Royal Hotel. All of these have been lost since 1885. Also Seaside road now ends abruptly right on the cliff edge. Grange Farm at Cowden has now been fully lost to the sea. All this means that the hotel, spa and farm owners have lost their livelihoods to the sea which means thousands of pounds of their investments have literally been washed away. On the same coastline Withernsea has got a sea wall, groynes and Norwegian rock revetments. This has caused the same problems and the settlement of Kilnsea has almost been completely lost to the sea.

Old Photo of Kilnsea                             Current Photo of Kilnsea                    

What has been the impact of coastal erosion on the environment?
The Holderness coast is Europe’s fastest eroding coastline due to the large fetch and the type of land being called Boulder Clay. This means the cliff retreat has huge effects on the environment. Animal and Human habitats are lost and cliffs can be subject to Mass Movement processes, such as landslides and slumping. The retreat affects farmland and settlements and forces many out of their homes. Coastal erosion can create stacks, stumps and...

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