Ako Hse

Health and Safety Executive

Regulation of health and safety at work
1 The law on health and safety at work in Great Britain is regulated by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and local authorities (LAs). Between them, HSE and LAs regulate a diverse range of work activities and workplaces that have different levels of health and safety risk. 2 The primary responsibility for managing these risks lies with the business or, in some instances, the person that creates the risk. As regulators, our role is to determine that businesses are effectively and proportionately managing their health and safety risks to workers and others. Inspection and enforcement of health and safety law is allocated to either HSE or LAs by the Health and Safety (Enforcing Authority) Regulations 1998, according to the main work activity being undertaken. HSE has a central policy role for the regulation of health and safety at work in Great Britain. This includes setting the riskbased regulatory approach that should be adopted by LAs, which is outlined in the national LA Enforcement Code (www.hse.gov.uk/lau/national-la-code.pdf).

3 To do this, we use a range of interventions to influence, encourage and advise business and, where necessary, hold to account those who fail to meet their responsibilities. As regulators, we conduct our regulatory activity in accordance with the principles of good regulation (targeted, proportionate, consistent, transparent and accountable) and with regard to the Regulators’ Code (www.gov.uk/government/ publications/regulators-code), including having regard to economic growth. This document explains the main features of our regulatory approach, including the interventions that we use.

The main features of our approach
Determining where to intervene and choosing the most appropriate interventions 4 At a high level, the HSE Board takes into account the health and safety performance across Great Britain. It sets the strategy...