EDST4080 – Special Education Essay
Q. Select a syndrome dealt with by special education. Describe its key symptoms and its prevalence in the general population and the school population, if available. Outline the particular problems that a child with the syndrome may have in school, some ways in which educators try to deal with these problems, and the advantages and disadvantages of those ways. What do you think should be done and why? Give your opinion.  
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD, is a biological disorder, which the American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2000) defines as:
“a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity that is more frequently displayed and more severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development” (p. 85)
This essay will discuss the key symptoms of ADHD, its prevalence in the general population and the school population, particular problems that students with ADHD face and ways in which educators have tried to combat these issues in the classroom along the disadvantages and/or the advantages which may occur as a result.
  Often fails to give close attention or makes careless mistakes     in schoolwork, work, or other activities
      Often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play     activities
      Often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly
      Often does not follow through on instructions and fails to     finish schoolwork, chores, or duties (not due to oppositional     behaviour or failure to understand instructions)
      Often has difficulty organising tasks and activities
      Often avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks     that require sustained mental effort (such as schoolwork     or homework)
      Often loses things necessary for tasks or activities (e.g,     toys, school assignments, pencils, books or tools)
      Is often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli...