422-205 Safeguarding

Unit 4222-205
Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care.

Outcome 1.
Know how to recognise signs of abuse.
Define the following types of abuse:
Physical abuse:   Is often associated with emotional signs and change in behaviour towards a relative and member of staff. It’s also injuries that have not received medical attention, pressure sores from wet bedding and loss of appetite.  
Sexual abuse: In adults consent may not be given and sexual activity is forced upon that person. Children are known not to be considered to give informal consent to any sexual activity. Bruising in genital/anal areas they may found it very sore when sitting down. They might even find out they have a sexual transmitted disease.
Emotion/ psychological abuse: Is when someone the person trusts start to undermine them that causes emotional damage. They could say simple things like,
Telling someone they are worthless
Telling someone they are not wanted.
Financial abuse: Can be inflicted by family members, friends and care workers. Taking money from a person and not giving the correct change or unusual payments going out of the bank.
Institutional abuse: Is when you treat a adult like a child with strict routines ect getting out of bed and in at a certain time, taking someone to the toilet and even family contact.
Self neglect: is when the person in question puts themselves at risk and place them in danger. It may be by drinking too much alcohol or drug misuse or causing self harm by cutting themselves.
Neglect by others: This is often by a support worker, family or friend. Lack of personal care; like leaving someone in a dirty/wet bed or malnutrition taking their food away before they have finished or placing it where they can’t reach it.

2. Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse.
Physical abuse
  * Multiple bruising or finger marks
  * Pressure sore or rashes from wet bedding/clothing
  * Mood changes