2.5 School as Organisations

1.1. Identify the main types of state and independent schools.
In the UK, they are two different types of schools, the once which are maintain by the state and known as State Funded Schools, and the Independent Schools, which are not maintain by the state.

State Funded Schools or Mainstream School are schools in England than provide education to children and young adults between the ages of 3 and 18 without charge. This includes:
• Community Schools.
• Foundation Schools.
• Voluntary Aided Schools.
• Voluntary Controlled School.
• Academies.
• Free Schools.
• Specialist Schools.
• State Boarding Schools.
The Office for Standards in Education (Ofsted) regularly inspects all State Funded Schools. Ofsted publish reports on the quality of education of every school than they inspected on a regular basis. Schools judged by Ofsted to be providing an inadequate standard of education may be subject to special measures, which could include replacement of the governing body and senior staff.
They had been numerous legislation acts, regarding the evolution of the state funded schools, from the Elementary Education Act 1870 to the Education Act 2011.
(Attaches timeline of legislation Act 1870-2011)
The Mainstream schools have a strong link with the Local community and often provide services such as childcare or use of the facilities for adult learning classes.
The Local Authorities wholly own and maintain state schools.
The LEA will employ staff, owns the schools land and buildings and decide on the admission of pupils to the school.
Then there is, Independent School, those schools provide education to children and young adults from three to 18 years old, but they are not funded by the state. This includes:
• Pre-prep.
• Prep.
• Public Schools.
• Private Schools.

• Community Schools.
Formerly known as, country schools. The Local Education Authority (LEA) sustains and finances the Community Schools. It also employs the school’s staff and it is...