Schools as Organisations

TDA 3.2   Schools as organisations

1 The structure of education from early years to post-compulsory education

1.1 Entitlement and provision for early years education

Early years education is the first stage in the education of children up to the age of 5 and takes place in nurseries and reception classes.
All 3-and 4-year-old children in England receive a free part-time education of up to 15 hours per week for 38 weeks of the year as part of Every Child Matters agenda[Its main aims are for every child, whatever their background or circumstances, to have the support they need to :be healthy ,stay safe ,enjoy and achieve ,make a positive contribution ,achieve economic well-being] and the Childcare Act 2006[ work with their NHS and Jobcentre Plus partners to improve the outcomes of all children up to five years of age and reduce inequalities between them].
Early years provision in school is based on the concept of learning through play, which is more facile for the children and it is about supporting very young children.
On the one side the children learn by participating in activities that involve specific concepts ( using numbers, language activities) with adults alongside. On the other side they learn independently and this encourages them to develop their autonomy.

1.2 Characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance

There are four main types of mainstream schools who are funded by local authorities and have to follow the National Curriculum, and include:

a)- Community schools - are run and owned by the local authority
                                    - the local authority support the school , determine the admissions policy and may develop the schools facilities by local groups

b)- Foundation and trust schools - are run and owned by their own governing body  
                                    - the governing body of the school in consultation with the local education...