Wba Ilm 7


A - The contribution of leadership mentoring and executive coaching in developing leadership performance

The Leadership Perspective
Leadership is not something that easily lends itself to a concise definition but is rather a consideration of a variety of constructs and contexts that should be considered from the perspective of both the leader and the follower (Northouse, 2007).   Components such as values, culture, vision, mission, inspiration and ethics (to name a few) all contribute to the leader – follower relationship.

Leadership style is an area that has received a lot of focus from academics over the years which has resulted in several widely accepted models.   It is hard to define what makes a good leader as this is often dependant on the context in which a leader is placed and also what they are trying to achieve.   In some contexts an autocratic leader will have most success whilst in others a more transformational leader will have the greatest impact.   For this paper, we will look at the broad classification of leadership styles developed by Robert Tannenbaum and Warren H. Schmidt (1958, 1973).   This model consists of three styles of leadership: authoritarian, democratic and laissez-faire.
The authoritarian (or autocratic) leader assumes power and all interactions within the group move towards the leader to perform and to take all decisions on tasks. In the context of a business, the manager alone exercises decision-making and   has authority for determining the processes/procedures required to achieve complete tasks. The leader exercises a command-and-control management style and rewards or punishes for the team's performance.
The Democratic Leadership style focuses power more within the group as a whole. The leader has a greater interaction within the group. The leadership functions are shared with the members of the group, giving its members a say in the decision-making process. The manager is more part of the team and exercises...