Written Sources:

Pliny the Younger ( c. AD 6 1 - 112 )
Noted for his scientific accuracy of observations and logically of arguments, especially when discussing natural phenomena, suppositious and mythological explanations are notably absent.
Strabo (64 BC – AD 21 )
Greek geographer is a useful source for geographical setting and historical background of Pompeii.

Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 BC – 65 AD)
The Roman philosopher and statesman, also provides us with information of the earthquake of AD 62.

Juvenal & Martial
Mention the physical attributes of Vesuvian Region.

Epigraphic Sources:

Graffiti, election slogans, tombstones, advertisements, coins, inscriptions on everday objects such as measuring devices in shops, marble basins, inscriptions on major public monuments.

Archaeological Sources:

Human remain, which range from Forelli plaster casts and now resin casts found at Pompeii to skeletons of residence found huddled on the beach at Herculaneum.

Physical Environment of Pompeii

  * Pompeii was built on a volcanic plateau covering an area of 60 hectares.
  * Well-placed between the river Sarnus in the south and the fertile slopes of Mount Vesuvius in the North.
  * It connected the seaside area   with the fertile agriculture region of the inland.

Stages of Occupation of Pompeii

  * The indigenous inhabitants of the area were an Italic tribe called the Oscans. It is believed that the Ocans gave Pompeii its name in approximately the eighth century BC.
  * Pompeii became rapidly became an important port and road junction and thus became the focus of outside powers such as the Greeks and Etruscans.
  * After them it was held by the Etruscans and the Pelasgians,a dn later still by the Samnites who wer driven out by the Romans.
      1. Oscans
      2. Etruscans
      3. Pelagians
      4. Samnites
      5. Romans

Stages of Occupation of Herculaneum

  * Thought...