Pompeii and Herculaneum

Good morning teachers and students Pompeii and Herculaneum settlements were first founded in the 7th century BC and which flourished until they disappeared from the face of the earth over an 18 hour period between the late afternoon on the 24th August and the morning of the 25th of August AD 79, as the neighboring volcano of Vesuvius erupted.
Mt Vesuvius 79 AD eruption 3.sThis map shows the cities and towns affected by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.

Everyday life was stopped in it tracks as a towering column of ash and pumice rose over 28 kilometers into the air, followed by a series glowing avalanches of superheated gases, and rock. Both towns where completely buried that eventually their existence was obliterated from people’s memories.  
Pompeii and Herculaneum were located on the coast of the wide Bay of Naples in Campania, the region south of Rome that was famous for its fertile land. The coastline of the Bay of Naples is over 200 kilometers south of Rome and stretches from Misenum in the north to the peninsula of Sorrento in the south. With its dramatic cliffs and backdrops the coast was appreciated for its antiquity and exceptional beauty, villas were built in the most spectacular locations. The bay is dominated by the volcano Mt Vesuvius, which Herculaneum lay below 7 kilometers away on a natural terrace some 20 meters above the beachfront. Pompeii was situated to the south of Vesuvius on a small plateau about 30 meters high that had been formed by lava from an earlier eruption of Vesuvius.    
The fist indications of buried ruins on the site of Pompeii were discover in the 16th century when Domenico Frontana was building an aqueduct tunneled into material and unearth ruins. An inscription found in the area in 1689 confirmed that the site was ancient Pompeii and in 1748 king Charles of Naples turned his attention to excavate there. It wasn’t until 50 years later the first excavations where undertaken in 1709 at Herculaneum by some workers...