Unit 8 Terms

Unit 8 terms
  1. Potable- drinkable, that is, free from harmful chemicals and organisms.
  2. Freshwater- water that flows from the land to oceans and contains little or no salt.
  3. Domestic- household use.
  4. Tidewater- the water that flows up the mouth of a river as the ocean tide rises or comes in.
  5. Food chain- the interdependence of plants and animals for food constitutes.
  6. Universal solvent- a material that dissolves or otherwise changes most other materials.
  7. Water cycle- the cycling of water among the water sources, atmosphere, and surface areas.
  8. Desert- areas with continues severe water shortages.
  9. Irrigation- the addition of water to plants to supplement the water provided by rain or snow.
  10. Precipitation- the formation of rain and snow.
  11. Evaporation- changing from a liquid to a vapor or gas.
  12. Water shed- a large land area in which water is absorbed from rain or melting snow.
  13. Water table- the level below which soil is saturated or filled with water.
  14. Fertility- the amount and type of nutrients in the soil.
  15. Free water- water that drains out of soil after it has been wetted.
  16. Gravitational water- feeds wells and springs.
  17. Capillary water- plant roots can absorb or take up this moisture.
  18. Hydroscopic water- water that is held too tightly for plant roots to absorb.
  19. Purify- to remove all foreign material.
  20. No-till- planting crops without plowing or disking the soil.
  21. Contour- following the level of land around a hill.
  22. Cover crop- a close-growing crop planted to temporarily protect the soil surface.
  23. Port- a town having a harbor for ships to take on cargo.
  24. Aquifer- a water-bearing rock formation.
  25. Sheet erosion- removal of layers of soil from the land.
  26. Gully erosion- soil removal that leaves trenches.
  27. Mulch- a material placed on soil to break the fall of rain drops, prevents weeds form...