Principles of safeguarding and protection in Health and Social Care
1. How to recognise signs of abuse
1.1. Define the following types of abuse
Physical abuse may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating, or otherwise causing physical harm to an individual.
Sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing an individual take part in sexual activities, whether or not the individual is aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including penetrative (such as rape or buggery) or non‐penetrative acts. They may include involving individual’s in looking at, or in the production of, pornographic material, or encouraging them to behave in sexually inappropriate ways
Emotional / psychological abuse
Emotional abuse is the persistent emotional ill‐treatment of an individual causing severe and persistent adverse effects on the individual’s emotional development, often by:
• making them feel they are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or valued only insofar as they meet the needs of another person;
• age‐inappropriate or developmentally inappropriate expectations being imposed on them, causing individuals frequently to feel frightened;
• the exploitation or corruption of the person.
Financial Abuse is another name for stealing or defrauding someone of goods and/or property. It is always a crime but is not always prosecuted. Sometime the issue is straightforward, for example a carer stealing from an individual’s purse, but at other times it is more difficult to address. This is because very often the perpetrator can be someoneʹs son or daughter, or age prejudice means that other people assume it is not happening or that the older person is to blame. Two common issues that come to our attention are (a) sons or daughters attempting to justify their actions on the basis that they are simply obtaining their inheritance in advance and (b) the...