Unit 205 Health & Social Care

Physical abuse
Physical abuse is a deliberate action or force that is implemented to cause physical harm or injury to another, for example, punching, slapping, pushing/shoving etc. Anyone can be exposed to physical abuse whether they are old or young. There are many signs and symptoms of physical abuse, some of which include, visible bruising, scratches, open wounds. These are the most obvious and more physical signs, some symptoms may be that the individual becomes withdrawn, flinching at the slightest movement of others or even a dramatic change in behaviour. Physical abuse can also include being held against your own will and smashing of personal possessions such as, furniture.

Sexual Abuse
Sexual abuse is a form of sexual contact that has not been consented to, for example, grooming, inappropriate touching or even sexual intercourse. Sexual abuse can again happen to anyone, old or young and is more difficult to identify, sexual abuse can be implemented by either male or female. Some signs may be restraint marks on wrists, neck, thighs. The individual may become withdrawn, begin to refuse any personal care or be reluctant to allow anyone near them.

Emotional/Psychological abuse
Emotional/psychological abuse can be when an individual controls, humiliates or intimidates another in a non-violent way. Some signs of emotional or psychological abuse can be becoming withdrawn from others, changes in behaviour, becoming fearful around others and being unable to sleep.

Financial abuse
Financial abuse is misusing an individual’s money or pressuring someone into giving gifts or transferring funds. Financial abuse can be very difficult to identify especially if demonstrated by a family member and some signs may be, withdrawal from the individual, suspicion of visitors/relatives and sudden changes in the individuals will or deed.

Institutional abuse
Institutional abuse is when an individual removes someone’s rights or intrudes on their privacy. This can...