Understand Mental Health Problems

Unit 12 – Understand Mental Health Problems
1 Know the main forms of mental ill health
1.1 Mood Disorders
Mood disorders can be divided into illnesses that depress mood and illnesses that elate the mood.   Illnesses, such as Bipolar combine both types of mood disorder.   The most common disorder is depression.   Symptoms of this disorder include extreme sadness, loss of interest in life, unable to sleep, tearfulness and appetite changes.
Personality Disorders
This term is used to describe the disordered inner experience and the often challenging or anti social behaviour.   This disorder can frequently lead to conflict with family, friends or the wider community, leading to having poor coping skills.   An individual with a personality disorder may find it difficult to form proper relationships, they may self harm, appear manipulative and can be seen by others as attention seeking.
Anxiety Disorders
Conditions classified as anxiety disorders generally cause a person to be worried, unusually afraid or anxious most of the time or in particular circumstances.   The source of anxiety can be unspecified or may be phobia-based.   Examples of phobia-based anxieties are agoraphobia (fear of leaving familiar surroundings) and social phobia (fear of other people).
Psychotic Disorders
This is a type of mental illness which causes the individual to periodically or permanently lose contact with reality.   These disorders can be characterised by Hallucinations, Delusion and Thought Disorders.   A hallucination is a sensory perception without external stimuli – hearing voices is one example.   Delusion is a strongly held false belief.   A Thought Disorder is where the person’s individual thinking is disrupted, blocked or repeated.   One of the most common Psychotic Disorders is Schizophrenia.   Individuals suffering from Schizophrenia, generally experience all three psychotic characteristics, Hallucinations, Delusion and Thought Disorders, as well as appearing, uninterested,...