Tma03 Part a Discuss Why It Is Important to Support People to Have a Voice and Express Their Views with Confidence. How Can Care Workers Facilitate This?

This essay I will be discussing various elements from, The Open University (2010) K101 block 2, Unit 7, Understanding the past. I would like to look at the impact that Institutionalisation has had on the residents and care workers within large long stay hospitals. In Block 2 of K101 we have covered a great deal and have met a lot of people, I will introduce some of them in due course. Some were affected by institutionalisation as either long term hospital residents or long term hospital care and nursing staff.
From birth our identities start to form, shaped and moulded by all that surrounds us. Our physicality forms part of our identity and is one that we come into this world with, be it able bodied or disabled, with full mental ability or impaired.   We are in some respects dependent upon nature and nurture at this stage to help us reach our full potential. From the work of John Bowlby (1969), we learned that from birth we look to form an attachment with our primary carer, usually but not always, the mother, father or older siblings take on this role.
In forming these attachments we develop a safe and secure base from which to explore the surrounding environment and world, we learn as we grow, how to interact with each other. Infants soon learn how to get a reaction, crying for food or a nappy change for example, chuckling and reaching out for a sibling when feeling playful. We form relationships with those around us and throughout our lives we seek interaction with others. From a very early age, we do indeed have a voice, and are used to having that voice heard.
It may be the vocalisation of speech that develops and helps form our identity over time, it may be the recognition from our carers, of sounds we make as infants or indeed the way our eyes convey knowing signals. It is body language, it’s the certain inflection we put on words to create emphasis, it’s the way we are recognised as ourselves, and it’s a signature if you like. How many times have we all...