Theories of Crime

Theories of Crime Victimization
How can someone be responsible for their own victimization?

Joseph Stimage
CJ102 Introduction to Criminology

Throughout the world, there are a number of people who are crime victims. Anyone can be a victim of crime. Being a victim of a crime can be very scary and emotional. It affects a person mentally and physically. Crimes happen almost anywhere and at any time. Sadly, no one is safe in this cruel place we call the world. There are four various theories of crime victimization. These theories include Victim Precipitation Theory, Lifestyle Theory, Deviant Place Theory, and Routine Activities Theory. In some cases, victims may also be responsible for their own victimization. Each day there is a new crime victim.
Each theory has its own meaning. According to the victim precipitation theory, the victim sometimes start the fight or argument that causes their victimization. There are two types of precipitation. One is active where the victims usually use threating words and attacks first. The other precipitation is passive and this is where the victim unintentionally display actions that threatens or encourages the attacker. In the lifestyle theory the victim is a victim simply because of who they are. The lifestyle of the victim provokes their attacker. For example, some victims may be drunks, use drugs, get involve in crimes, or even be runaways. These type of behaviors are appealing to attackers because they usually seek these type of victims. It is said that teenage males are at higher risk at home and school due to their lifestyles. Not only are teenage boys at high risk, college students are as well. Most college students participate in what we call “the party life” and nine times out of ten, they use drugs, drink, or both. These college acts makes them suitable for victimization. A criminal lifestyle also strikes attackers. If one is involved in criminal actions then they are more likely to become victims.
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