Criminal Justice Causation of Crime: in Theory

For as long as there has been crime there have been people trying to figure out reasons why some individuals have good morals and live life without incident and others are seem to be prone to doing the immoral things in life. When we were in grade school our teachers would refer to those individuals as “bad apples” and remind us to not let them “ruin the barrel” however it is seldom, if ever, that simple. There are currently three primary theories as to the causation of crime; Biological, Sociological, and Psychological. While each of these theories holds water on their own, and can often times be seen as a solitary cause to an individual’s behavior, they can and do function in tandem with each other, manifesting different types of criminals dependent upon that individual’s particular background.
The biological theory consists of the idea that individuals commit crime because of biochemical deficiencies, genetic “malfunctions” or neurological disorders. There are several assumptions we have to consider when looking at the biological theory which without meeting the entire theory falls apart at the seams.
  * The Brain is the organ of the mind, and is the origination point of an individual’s personality. Due to this we must consider neurochemistry and neurological composition along with their ramifications on how the mind functions.
  * A person’s demeanor is at least in part caused by genetics.
  * Variances in crime that we see along race or gender lines may be associated with the genetic differences between the genders and races.
  * A predisposition for criminal activity can be passed from generation to generation, similar to the traits for blue eyes or freckles.
  * A human’s biological past and nature has become progressively masked with the advancement of civilization.
What these assumptions lead us to conclude is that in the past there was a reproductive advantage to crime; a person who stole would have more resources to survive and take care...