The Civil War and Its Causes

Timeline 1

The Civil War and its Causes

Timeline 2

Civil War Timeline

    1787-The Constitution is ratified, replacing the Articles of Confederation ans placing more power in the hands of the federal government. This was a decision with with the South did not agree, as they were proponents of states rights.
    1848- As a result of the end of the Mexican War, the United States gained possession of various western territories. This new addition of land led to the debate of whether or not slavery was to be allowed in these areas.
    1850-In an effort to make a fair decision, the Compromise of 1850 was enacted by Congress. This act declared California and free land and gave both Utah and New Mexico the right to decide for themselves if they wanted to allow slavery. This led to debates regarding the legality of sovereignty.
    1850-The Fugitive Slave Act was passed as a subdivision act   of   the Compromise of 1850. This act stated that any federal official who did not arrest runaway slaves would be forced   to pay a fine. This led to underground movements and resistance efforts to get slaves into safe territories.
    1852-Harriet Beecher Stowe's   book, “Uncle Tom's Cabin” was released. The book was an expose of just how brutal slave living was and reinforced Northern sympathies and determination to end slavery throughout the land.
    1854-The Kansas-Nebraska Act was enacted, allowing these two states to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery. Kansas became a war zone; one in which proponents and opponents of slavery fought for what the believed was right. The time in which these controversies occurred is known as “Bleeding Kansas”.

Timeline 3

    1856-Republican Congressman, Preston Brooks, who was a strong opponent of slavery, physically hit Charles Sumner with a cane after Sumner gave a pro-slavery speech.
    1857-Dred Scott, a slave, lost his bid for freedom in a United States court. Scott argued that he was held as...