The 3 Rs of the Criminal Justice System


Three Rs of the criminal justice system                                                                                                   Justine McArdle                                                                                                                                         CRJ 303 Corrections
Professor: John Stender                                                                                                                   December 12, 2011

Robbery                       2 The effects of incarceration on former prisoners has been a very common topic of discussion for many years. In most cases, it is believed that many prisoners will find themselves right back where they started, in jail. In the United States, 53% of arrested males and 39% of arrested females are re-incarcerated (Visher, 2003). Enhancing community safety is a major goal of corrections. One way of attaining this goal is to adopt strategies that reduce offender recidivism. In the 1970s and 1980s there was widespread disillusionment with the effectiveness of treatment programs to reduce recidivism. Today however, recent research demonstrates that some programs can reduce the likelihood of offenders returning to crime.                                                                                     Armed robbery is a crime that is in a class of its own.   “Violent and property crime rates in 2009 remain at the lowest levels recorded since 1973, the first year that such data were collected. The rate of every major violent and property crime measured by BJS fell between 2000 and 2009. The overall violent crime rate fell 39 percent and the property crime rate declined by 29 percent during the last 10 years. Between 2000 and 2009, the rate of firearm violence declined from 2.4 incidents per 1,000 persons age 12 or older to 1.4 per 1,000 persons. Offenders used firearms in 8 percent of all violent crimes in 2009.” (BJS,...