Tda 2.1


1. Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years , to include:
a) Physical development.
b) Communication and intellectual development.
c) Social, emotional and behavioural development.

Physical development:

At 0-3 years
New born babies have little control over their bodies. Their movement depends on series of reflexes, as they get older they start to develop series of movements and actions called the ‘gross motor skills’ such as crawling, sitting, grabbing, pointing, running rolling, hopping, jumping, and so on.
In their second year, children should have better ability to control their movement. In their third year, children would start to develop some ‘fine motor skills’ such as painting, colouring, and scribbling. They would enjoy looking at, and turning the pages of books. At this age they should be able to use a cup and feed themselves.

At 3-7 years.
At this stage, children will be refining the skills developed so far, they will have more confidence and more control over the fine motor skills such as cutting, writing and drawing.

At 7-12 year.
Children would start to have hobbies and interest such as sports, dance, drama, and songs.
Children will continue to develop and refine many of their skills. The girls will start to show signs of early puberty from age 10-11. Puberty in boys usually start later.

At 12-16 years.
The boys will be starting to go through puberty and many of the girls would be completing their puberty and having regular periods, as a result of the different stages of puberty, the boys and girls would vary in height. At this stage most girls are taller than boys and the young people will be growing stronger.

At 16-19 years.
Young people are considered as adult, although many girls may be physically matured at this stage, the boys will continue to grow until their mid 20s.

Communication and intellectual development:...