Tb the Current Themes

‘Despite the fact that this is the 21st century and we have seen an explosion in new and exciting technologies and made huge and significant advances in medicine, infectious diseases remain a major global threat to health which was stated in ’getting ahead of the curve’
Here in the United Kingdom (UK) we see ourselves as an island and somehow being surrounded by water will protect us from events and infections taking place in other parts of the world, giving us a false sense of security. However, in actual fact, the world has become a smaller place and island or not, we are not immune from foreign events or their effect like Swine Flu which outbreak originated in Mexico.
The UK has witnessed the resurgence of diseases that we thought were nearly eradicated like measles and Tuberculosis (TB) in this country .TB had been falling steadily until the late 1980’s in 1990- 2000 figures increased by 11% the largest increase in recent times.   Since then have seen a year on year increase   until 2010 when we saw a small decrease of 6% but it may be too early to tell if this   downward trend will continue (These figures were taken from the TB new letter published in March 2011 from the HPA) ‘Getting a head of the Curve’ states that good surveillance at local, regional, and national level is essential to detect outbreaks to help guide us, to where   immediate action is needed, such as contact tracing, looking at population, and subgroups that may be a   greater risk . Surveillance enables us to see trends. Is there a more complex picture that we need to understand, so we can determine exactly what is going on? Surveillance was pivotal in helping manage the outbreak of cases in London.   A new Enhanced Tuberculosis Surveillance (ETS) was initiated on 1 January 1999 in England via the HPA
London, in 1987, experienced the greatest increase of TB we had seen in recent times. The factors behind this increase were many and varied.   London was a large city with a growing mobile...