Taking Sides

I. Before the Ottoman dynasty
  * Turkic-speaking peoples in Islamic civilization played a key role as soldiers and administrators.
  * They were often in service of the Abbasid caliphs.
  * The rise of the Ottomans was because of the collapse of the Seljuk Turkic kingdom of rum after the invasion by the Mongols in 1243.
  II. The Ottomans
  * There empire is based in Anatolia.
  * They bypassed Constantinople instead of conquering it.
  * By the 1350s, they advanced across the Bosporus straits in Europe.
  * By the end of the century large portions of the Balkans had been added to their rapidly expanding territory.
  * By the mid-15th century, the Ottomans had started to conquer Constantinople.
  * Mehmed II was an Ottoman sultan called the “Conqueror” that was responsible for the conquest of Constantinople in 1453 which destroyed what was left of the Byzantine Empire.
  III. The Expansion of the Ottoman Empire
  * After the conquest of Constantinople, Ottoman rulers extended the empire into Syria and Egypt and across North Africa.
  * They also spread into Hungary and around the Black and Red seas.
  IV. The Ottomans power
  * They had a powerful navy which made capture of Major Island bases of Rhodes, Crete, and Cyprus.
  * The Ottoman armies also drove the Venetians and Genoese from much of eastern Mediterranean and threatened southern Italy with invasion on several occasions.
  * The Ottomans had risen to become the protectors of the Islamic heartlands and the scourge of Christian Europe.
  * In 1683, the Ottomans were able to lay siege to the capital of the Austrian Habsburg dynasty at Vienna.
  * The Ottomans remained a major force in European politics until the late 19th century.
  V. Constantinople Restored as a Link among Asia and Europe, the Mediterranean and the Black sea
  * The Ottomans set out to restore Constantinople’s ancient glory.
  * Each sultan who ruled after Mehmed strove to be remembered for his...