Systematic Theology

Walter A. Elwell states that Systematic Theology is “The attempt to reduce religious truth to a coherent and relevant whole for the church” (Elwell p.1162). Theology is the “study or science of God”. It is the study of Old and New Testament canon, it uses the whole Bible to create a conclusion. Theology also deals with the culture and education pertaining to that particular time. We also need note that theology needs to be relevant for today. In short it must be able to bridge the time gap and be applicable for today (Erickson p.22, 23). We don not find the term theology in the Bible yet we do find the ideas of theology throughout. The actual word theology comes from the Greek word theologia and it signifies the discussions of the philosophers about divine matters (Elwell p.1162).
Biblical Theology is very similar to systematic theology simply because biblical theology takes the entire Bible using Cultural and political issues of the day to come to a conclusion based on the evidence given directly from the Bible. Erickson stated that there were three other takes on Biblical Theology but only one of the three did he agree with was that it was “simply theology that is biblical, that is, based on and faithful to the teaching of the Bible (Erickson p. 26).
Historical Theology is the study of theologians teaching and finds through out history of the church (Erickson p. 27). Historical theology can be studied buy way of a given time and place or through a specified theologian or school of theology. Another form of study for Historical theology is to trace the history of thought regarding a given doctrine following it through the periods of the church. In layman terms it is the study of another theologian’s research on the Bible and these theologians are from the past and so the word Historical theology.
Philosophers were literally “lovers of wisdom” and would search out for wisdom. The first Philosophers believed that the most important questions that mankind...