How class, gender and sexuality have shaped Australian policy around surrogacy

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This paper explores how class, gender and sexuality have shaped Australian policy around surrogacy. Surrogacy is the process where a woman offers to carry and give birth to a baby on behave of another couple. The two common forms of surrogacy is gestational and traditional surrogacy.   The common form of surrogacy in Australia is Gestational surrogacy. In this kind of surrogacy, the surrogate’s egg is not used during the conception process; instead already fertilized embryo from the intended parents is implanted into the surrogate’s womb. This means that the surrogate is not biologically related to the child. It is worth noting that the embryo may be as a result of donor embryo or created from the egg and sperm of the intended parents (Edelmann, R. J. ,2004). In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate donates her own egg which is thereafter fertilized through artificial insemination with the intended parent’s sperm. Due to the fact that gestational surrogacy is common, the word ‘surrogacy’ in this assignment will be used to mean the gestational surrogacy.
Surrogacy may also result from the donor sperm, and as a result the intended parents will have no genetic relationship with the baby. Furthermore, there may be multiple surrogates, mothers, fathers, babies and donors and the process may even get more complicated. Indeed, surrogacy exposes parenthood, not biologically, but as a socially and legally constructed status that comes with obligations and responsibilities, and on top of it all, are the benefits.
Various researches have indicated that the great desire to have children by involuntarily infertile people remains strong. This is even after many attempts to conceive.   There is also a noted desire of infertile couples to get a child who is genetically related to one of them rather than turning to adoption of...