Support Use of Medication

1 Understand anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals 1.1Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals

Muscles in human body is like the motor which supports or assist the bones at the joints to move and work. When the muscle pulls it moves the bones at particular joints, which establish the joints to move about. The contraction of the extent which the The direction which the bone of the joint move depends on the contraction of the muscle. Muscles on the other hand is affected by mobility; Which means that the more use your muscle the more flexible and active it becomes, but with reduced mobility the muscle will be weak and becomes stiff. This is the reason why physiotherapy is required for exercises on stiff bones to bring it back to life, for example people with stroke, arthritis or accidents.

As a PA when supporting the clients moving & handling and positioning activities, I always put it in mind that muscles can only move the bones at a joint as far as the joint allows. For example, I am aware that the elbow and knee joints have limited movement; which can be painful for the clients and cause damage to the joint when trying to extend these joints beyond their range. I am aware that nerves are delicate structure which can easily be damaged through poor moving and handling. For example when I am massaging a stroke client’s hand or leg I always careful when massaging in other not to pull and damage it