Substance Addiction and Poverty

This literature review will consider several research examples of poverty’s correlation to substance abuse.   It will however, mention other correlations with substance abuse, but in this particular instance, will focus on the poverty-factor as an independent variable.   Hypotheses will be presented and data collected to validate expected outcomes. In contrast, arguments will be presented to challenge the validity of these hypotheses.   A counter hypothesis that substance addiction/poverty correlation is too varied, complex, and problematic to validate will be presented.   In essence, we will attempt to contrast previous findings of poverty’s relationship with substance addiction by identifying contradictions and/or inconsistencies.   As a finale to this literature review, a personal and unique hypothesis displacing poverty as an independent variable to the dependent variable of substance abuse will be introduced. Religion will be utilized as an independent variable to the dependent substance abuse variable. Hypothesis is expected to confirm religion when correlated with the probability of substance addiction will prove a significant deterrent in the overwhelming majority participants included in this study.  

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (2009) defines substance addiction as a disorder characterized by habitual drug yearnings and compulsive tendencies to locate and use drugs.   Accordingly, this compulsion is usually persistent despite the threat of dire consequences. Behaviors related to substance addiction result from extended drug exposure on brain functions. For this reason, substance addiction is considered a brain disease which inhibits an individual’s control over normal behavior.   Origins of substance addiction are varied, complex, and controversial.   Causation-factors include mental illness, genetics, anti-social personalities, moral weakness, will power deficiency, social environments, and poverty-levels (Friends, 2011).   This...