Socialisation of Children


In Chapter 1 you were introduced to the sociology of education and the importance of the field in better understanding the relationship between school and society. In this chapter we will examine the school as an agent of socialisation with emphasis on the forms and dimension of socialisation. Socialisation takes place both in the outside the school. The student in the classroom is constantly being socialised through teacher-student and student-student interactions.

      Socialisation begins when the individual is born. The new born baby enters a social environment meeting first its parents and other caregivers. As social beings, humans naturally engage in relationships with others in society. The following are some definitions of socialisations:

    • Socialisation is the act of adopting the behaviour patterns and norms of the surrounding culture. Another word to describe socialisation is ‘enculturation’ (Wordnet. Princeton University).

    • The term socialisation is used by sociologists, social psychologists and educationalists to refer to the process of learning one’s culture and how to live within that culture (Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia).

    • Socialisation is the process by which a human being beginning at infancy acquires the habits, beliefs, and accumulated knowledge of society through education and training for adult status (Merriam-Webster Dictionary)

    • Socialisation is process of being raised within a culture and acquiring the characteristics of the given group (Prentice-Hall Publishers)

    • Socialisation is to adapt or make conform to the common needs of a social group (Your Dictionary.Com).

      In short, socialisation is the instilling of the language, values, rules, customs, traditions, skills, knowledge, understanding of others, understanding of oneself...