Social Change in Ghana

SOCIAL CHANGE IN GHANA; THE TRANSITION FROM                                                             TRADITIONALISM TO MODERNITY
The Ghanaian society like any other society has been going through constant changes. How the Ghanaian society was in the 19th century is different from how it is in the 21st century and is all due the change in human behaviour which affects the way of life. Social change tends to be cumulative, and many elements of today’s social organization include residues from much earlier phases of our social development. It is said that marriages have been experiencing breakups, parenting styles have changed, the education system has also changed and what have you. This paper will look at the concept of social change with emphasis on Ghana and the changes that have taken place in the various institutions. It will also look at the forces propelling these changes and their significance on the Ghanaian society.
As humans in society, we relate and interact with others in order to satisfy our basic needs and beyond. For the legitimate satisfaction of our needs, there are some basic norms and expectations which guide our interactions with others. These norms and expectations are what we term as social institutions. Abotchie (2008,pp.2), defines social institutions as “the normative pattern of behaviour structured around the basic needs of people in society.” Without social institutions, humans will live a life which Hobbes describe as short, brutish, poor and nasty because   every individual will seek to satisfy his or her organic drives in any ways possible. In the Ghanaian society there are about six social institutions, namely; the political institution, the educational institution, the economic institution, the marriage and family institution, the health and the religious institution. The social institutions are interrelated and interdependent, that is, they do not function in isolation and all the institutions put...