1. Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth - 19 years.

The sequence of development refers to milestones of development common to the majority of children. It usually follows a specific sequence and progress from one milestone to the next (e.g. sitting before crawling before walking before running).
These are defined by guidelines such as:
Physical: Development of gross and fine motor skills
Example: A newborn should be expected to move their head, arms and legs, and by six months be able to fully hold their head and turn it to sound and movement. Before the age of one should be able to seat with no support.
Intellectual and Language: Development of the child's understanding and communication with others
Example: A child of four should be writing their name and drawing basic pictures before moving on to more complex writing at around the age of eight.
Social and Emotional: formation of child identity and life in society
From the age of 11-13 peer pressure can become a significant influence. Young adolescents start seeking independence from their family, and starting establishing their own place in society by 19.
For more details please refer to the attached table. 1.1a

The rate of development describes how quickly a child accomplishes these milestones and is particular to each child. This way, different rates of development will be observed within different criteria.  It can be influenced by internal changes, such as puberty, or external circumstances, such as parents’ divorce.

By being aware of guidelines, a teaching assistant can monitor and place any necessary methods of intervention to ensure all pupils receive the help and support they need in areas they find difficulty in.
As a practical example, at my placement on year 5 at Yeo Moor Primary I am often asked to support pupils during reading, both on an individual basis or in small groups. It is my duty to identify if they are able to read...

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