Russian Revolution

The unrest was growing amongst the common people. It started off with the modernization, when in the 1890’s the government tried to avoid European efforts to modernize the Russian’s economy. Later, in 1913, Russia became the 5th largest industrial power in the world. This economic modernization proved to be the threat to autocracy. But instability started to increase and, most importantly, aristocratic landowners were treating the peasants unjustly. People there had a growing sense of awareness about political and social orders as democratic ideas were the influence of industrialization. In 1905, Russia was defeated by the Japanese and following that in the same year there was a peaceful parade of workers in St. Petersburg (later known as Petrograd) that was open fired upon by Tsarist troops. Following the general strike, the Tsar created first the Russian constitution and the State Duma, an elected parliamentary body. But Nicholas always wanted to retain autocracy. (Šlapentoch, 2008). 
During World War I, Russia suffered great losses and had millions of causalities. Nicholas then went to take control of the army himself in 1915, but at that time there were no such trained people nor any supplies of arm left to fight. This World War I period proved to be a great blow to the Tsar’s rule. (St. Petersburg life)
On   February 23, 1917, the festival of International Women’s Day broke out in a protest in the streets of St. Petersburg (Russian Capital), against the food shortage. Gradually everybody joined the strike including men, students and all working classes. Even military forces turned rebellious against the Tsar and shot their own military officers when they asked the forces to shoot the people in procession on the orders of Nicholas. This is known as the February Revolution. (St. Petersburg life)
With so much unrest prevailing, finally Nicholas tried to hand over his powers to his brother Michael, but he could not become the leader until...