Resource and Development

Chapter 1 Resources and Development
 Resources
Substances available in our environment that can be used for specific purposes and are technologically accessible, economically viable and culturally acceptable are referred to as resources.

 Classification of Resources
Resources can be classified on the basis of  Origin: Biotic and abiotic  Exhaustibility: Renewable and non-renewable  Ownership: Individual, community-owned, national and international  Status of Development: Potential, developed and stock

Biotic Resources: Having life






Abiotic Resources: Non-living




Renewable Resources: Can be reproduced or replenished

Solar energy

Wind energy



Non-renewable Resources: Cannot be reproduced or replenished. They take millions of years to form. E.g. Metals, fossils fuels, minerals etc.



 Individual Resources
 Privately owned by individuals  E.g. Individual ownership of land in the form of houses and agricultural fields  Community-Owned Resources

 Accessible to all members of a community  E.g. Village ponds, public parks, burial grounds etc.  National Resources  Those resources that exist within the territory of a nation.  All minerals, water bodies, forests, wildlife etc. within the country and within 12 nautical miles from the sea coast are called national resources.  International Resources  Those oceanic resources that do not lie within the Exclusive Economic Zone of any nation.  They are managed by international institutions and each country has an equal right to access these resources.  Potential Resources  Though they are in existence, they are not being completely utilized.  E.g. Potential of wind and solar energy in Rajasthan  Developed Resources  Those resources that have been surveyed and are ready for utilization.  Stock  Resources that exist but have not been utilized owing to lack of...