Religion and Ethnic Diversity

Teri Jensen
Religion and Ethnic Diversity
The United States of America is one of the most ethnically and religiously diverse countries in the world.   Since the colonization of what is now the United State, the U.S. has been open to immigration from people all over the world.   People migrated to the United States for many reasons.   The Irish migrated to the U.S. in the 1800s to escaped famine, poverty and oppression by the English.   Other ethnic groups migrated to escape religious persecution.   The Chinese migrated to this country in search of financial The Chinese migrated to the United States in large numbers after gold was discovered in California in 1848. (
The Chinese flocked to California in hopes of finding their fortunes in the “Land of Golden Mountain.” “By 1870, there were 63,000 Chinese, mostly male, in the United States, nearly all on the West Coast. It is estimated that another 120,000 Chinese entered the United States during the following decade.”   (   Men from China came to California to amass their fortunes then return to their families in China where they would live more financially secure lives with their families.
In the 1850s California state legislature passed the first Foreign Miners' Tax Law, levying a $20-per-month tax on each foreigner engaged in mining. As result the Chinese in California began pursuing other means of generating revenue. They opened restaurants, laundries and other personal services catering to the newly wealthy miners.   In the 1870s “economic competition came dislike and even racial suspicion and hatred. Such feelings were accompanied by anti-Chinese riots and pressure, especially in California.”(
In 1882 Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act, legally suspending...