Reason and Logic as a Way of Knowing

Reason and Logic as a way of knowing

Reason could also been seen as logic and it involves the ability to think, understand and draw conclusions in an abstract way. It is a way of knowing (like perception, language and emotion) in which we construct meanings together through modifying and improving individual opinions and ideas, in order to reach a logical and plausible conclusion. In other words, it is the ability to help people decide what is true and what is wrong. Often, reason is used in math and sciences, in order to obtain logical validation and justified claims/explanations. But on the other hand, reason can disturb knowledge to a certain extent, in the case of different cultural beliefs as well as more creative subjects such as music and art, because in these kinds of things, reason is not useful. This is because we also rely on perception and emotion. However we also need emotion and perception in order to gain reason. Thus reason can help use gain knowledge, but only to a certain extent as there are strengths and weaknesses in the case of reason as a way of obtaining knowledge.   If a person can reason something, then obviously he has to know something, so it can be said that reasoning is a way of knowing based on thinking about what the person actually knows. It can be said, that reasoning is the reformulation of information we know. We use reason every day, in a lot of things we do. For example, if we buy something, then without really thinking about it, we reason about how much we have to pay.   There are three types of reasoning: deductive reasoning (formal arguments), inductive reasoning (formal arguments) and informal reasoning. Reasonings consist of arguments, those who consist of premises and a conclusion. Deductive arguments are arguing from the general to the particular and inductive arguments are arguing from particular to the general. So there are different ways of explaining things.   A premise is a statement that serves as a basis for...