Start off by letting you know that the word Ramadan is derived form and Arabic word. The word is denoting intense heat, scorched ground and shortness of rations. Ramadan, as a name of the month, is of Islamic origin. Prior to Islam and the exclusion of intercalary days from the Islamic calendar, the name of the month was Natiq and the month fell in the warm season. The word was thus chosen as it well represented the original climate of the month and the physiological conditions precipitated from fasting.   In the Qur’an, God proclaims that “fasting has been written down (as obligatory) upon you, as it was upon those before you”. According to a hadith, this might refer to the Jewish practice of fasting on Yom Kippur.
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic Calendar, and the month is which the Quran was revealed. Ramadan is the holiest of month in the Islamic calendar, and fasting in this month is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.   The month is spent by Muslims fasting during the daylight hours from dawn to sunset. Fasting during this month is often thought figuratively to burn away all sins. Muslims believed that the Qur’an was sent down to the lowest haven during this month, thus being prepared for gradual revelation by the Angel Gabriel to the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. Furth more, Muhammad told his followers that the gates of Heaven would be open all the month and the gets of Hell would be closed. The first day of the next month, Shawwal, is spent to celebrations and is observed as the “Festival of Breaking Fast”.
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year and contains no intercalation, Ramadan migrates thought out the season.   The Islamic day starts after sunset. The actual and estimated start and end dates of Ramadan in 2007-2017 were and are as follows.
Many Muslims insist on the local physical sighting of...