Qualititive Research

Title of paper
Introduction to Nursing Research NRS 433v

Clostridium difficile Client and Their Families
Problem Statement
Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a hard-to-treat infection that often causes chronic diarrhea.   Hospitals are breeding grounds for C. difficile, which can become life threatening.   According to Pacheco & Spyropoulos (2010), hospital-acquired infection (HAI) has increased from 2002 and 2004 from 12.8 to 45.9 per 1000 admissions, which is 4-5 times greater than two years previously.   In addition there were 7004 cases of C. difficile reported between April 2003 and March 2004, which was double the cases from four years prior, and 1270 people died after acquiring the infection (Pacheco & Spyropoulos, 2010).   In America there are 14,000 deaths related to C. diff each year.   Also the length of a client’s hospital visit increases from approximately 3 to 18 days, which increases costs.   Hospitalized clients infected with C. difficile are placed in isolation precautions because of the ease in which this disease is transmitted.   “Very few studies have explored the experience of source isolation for C. difficile infection in adult clients. Furthermore, the families’ perspective has received little or no attention” (Pacheco & Spyropoulos, 2010, p. 167).   Having an enhanced understanding of how isolations impact the client as well as family will help health care providers improve gaps in their own knowledge and promote the health of clients and family members by relieving possible suffering due to isolation.
Purpose and Research Questions
The study conducted by Pacheco & Spyropoulos (2010) explored the impact of isolation for clients diagnosed with C. difficile and the stress on their families.   Research in the past has failed to explore the experience of C. difficile isolation on adult clients, and no study has looked at the impact on the family members.   Several objectives were addressed for the purpose of this study....