Ptlls Theory Q5, Assessment Methods and Records

Theory Question 5

• State the different assessment methods available and explain the ones you would use for your subject area, including reference to initial assessment.
• State the types of assessment records you would complete and explain why.

‘Assessment is a way of finding out if learning has taken place. It enables you, the assessor, to ascertain if your learner has gained the required skills and knowledge needed at a given point towards a course or qualification (Gravells, 2008).’

Assessment takes place at the start, throughout and at the end of the learning process. It is important as it makes sure that the learner is suitable for the course, is coping with the course and judges how successful he or she has been against agreed criteria at the end of the course.

There are three types of assessment:

1. Initial/Diagnostic assessment.

This takes place before the course begins and assesses the learner’s suitability for the course. It is important that the learner understands what the course entails, what the workload is like and what should be achieved by the end. If the learner is well informed then they will be able to decide if they really want to proceed. At this stage in the process the teacher may be able to ascertain that the course is not suitable and offer alternative avenues to research.

In TEFL teaching diagnostic assessment is carried out before the course starts to ensure that the student is correctly placed in the most suitable learning level. A student’s English ability is usually ascertained by a one to one interview and short test with the teacher. It is important to correctly place students according to ability as if they are put in a class that is too easy they will get bored and if they are placed in a class that is too hard they will struggle, lose confidence and feel demoralised.

2. Formative assessment.

Formative assessment is an ongoing process and ensures that the learner is on track to succeed by the end of...