Psychology 16

- Anxiety is a component of both disorders, but the reactions in panic disorder are more extreme and may cause reactions in panic disorder are more extreme and may cause people to avoid situations where they have had panic attacks.

    ← Phobias (7)

    - Phobias differ from normal fears in their extremity and their potential effect on behavior

    - People with a phobia experience such persistent and irrational fears that they may be incapacitated by their attempts to avoid a specific object, animal, or situation.

    ← Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (8)

    - Persistent and repetitive thoughts and actions that characterize obsessive-compulsive disorder interfere with everyday living and cause the person distress.

    - The obsession (the repetitive thought) may, for example, be a concern with dirt, germs, or toxins; the compulsion may, for example, be excessive hand washing, bathing, or some other form of grooming.

    ← Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (9)

    - Four or more weeks of haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and sleep problems are symptoms of PTSD.

    - These symptoms appear following some traumatic event or events the individual witnessed or experience but could not control.

    - Some people are more resilient than others.

    - On average, only about 10 percent of women and 20 percent of men react to trauma by developing PTSD at some point in their lifetime.

    - For those who survive the trauma, the experience can lead to a period of growth.

    ← Explaining Anxiety Disorders (10)

    - Those working from the learning perspective view anxiety disorders as a product of fear conditioning, stimulus generalization, reinforcement of fearful behaviors, and observational learning of others fear.

    - Those working from the biological perspective consider the role that fears of life-threatening animals, objects, or situations played in natural selections and evolution; the genetic...