Prevelance of Preventive Health Practices Among Young Adult Population in Mucg. (Long Essay)

Stone (1987), puts definitions of health into two categories: those that portray health as an ideal state and those that portray health as movement in a positive direction. The first definition implies that any disease or injury is a deviation from good health and that the ideal state can be restored by removing the disease or disability. Brannon & Feist (1992). The second definition, however, implies the multidimensional and continuous nature of health in a progressive direction. The second category of definitions simply speaks of health not just being an absence of disease but a conscious state of progressive wellness. One such is the definition of health by the World Health Organization. The World Health Organization (1948) defines health as a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being and not just the absence of disease or infirmity.

These two categories of definitions bring two different conditions. One refers to an absence of disease and the other more aptly defining health in an extension. As to say that the continuous maintenance of that state where infirmity or disease is absent is what is best described as good health. However, the WHO definition is also so apt because of the fact that there may be people living with forms of infirmity who might be healthier in some sense than the able-bodied person. For instance, a person may find himself crippled and in a wheel chair but still maintain a superior level of health. Health, ultimately, is multifactorial. There are multifactorial contributors to one’s medical, physical health and also multifactorial dimensions of good health or wellness. Overall soundness involves mental, social, physical and emotional well-being of the individual.

Focusing on physical, medical health, there are several contributors to what we will call good health. According to Gatchel, Baum & Krantz (1989), genetics have an effect on...