Poor Communication

Culture Self Concept Differences





Culture Self Concept Differences
The twenty statement test (TST) by Kuhn and Mc Partland (1954) was developed to operationalize basic concepts of interactionist theory, and has still been used widely in many studies to identify contents of self concept. The reason behind its undoubted use is its ability to provide direct measure of an individual’s self concept ant its ease of use. The Twenty Statements Test (TST) was being administered in New York and Seoul by Rhee E, Uleman JS and Roman RJ (1995). They selected about 454 students to analyze two opposite cultures based on individualism and collectivism, respectively. Responses were coded into 33 categories. Responses were classified as abstract or specific and as either autonomous or social. These two dichotomies were found more independent in Seoul than in New York. New York sample was comprised on Asian Americans who differ in their spontaneous social identities. They just one or twice listed ethnicity-nationality on the TST or most often never listed it. Regarding both abstractness-specificity and autonomy-sociality it was found that self concepts of Unidentified Asian Americans' resembled with that of Euro-Americans' self concepts while that of twice identified Asian Americans' self-concepts coincided with Koreans' self-concepts (Bond & Cheung, 1983).
Self-concept consistency has a pivotal position to authenticity and adjustment in Western cultures. The authors postulated that the entailments of self-concept consistency rely on the cultural background of the individual as well as the type of consistency involved. Besides the fact that consistency of the self-concept across different contexts may be less important in East Asian than Western cultures, East Asians still take advantage from specific social contexts of consistency including maintenance of stable and discrete relational selves over time. In consistency of...