Outline Two Factors That Contribute to the Development of Gender Stereotypes and Gender Role Adoption in Children

Outline two factors that contribute to the development of gender stereotypes and gender role adoption in children.

Gender stereotypes refer to the characterisation of groups based on their basic gender attribute as male or female. The gender-based stereotypes are the simplified evaluations of male and female groups that are shared by the community, a culture, or society. The evaluations usually encompass the attributes of physical capability, psychological state, personality, interests, and behaviour. (Hogg & Vaughan, 2008) These attributions could be based on fact such as the differences in the physiological and hormonal characteristics of males and females. However, the evaluations may be overstated. The other attribute evaluations may not be supported by evidence. (Myers, 2008) The nature and source of stereotypes lead to two implications. One implication is on the positive or negative impact of gender stereotypes. Women as emotional and men as rational could be positive when considered as strengths but these stereotypes could also be negative when used to discriminate or exclude in the workplace and in other situations. The other implication is the non-predictive value of these stereotypes over the individual attributes of members of the group. While women are stereotyped as emotional and men are stereotyped as rational, these are not necessarily the core attributes of all females or males. Nevertheless, gender stereotypes are pervasive in different cultures and form part of day-to-day lives. As such, gender stereotypes form during the growing up years (Hogg & Vaughan, 2008). Acquired gender stereotypes are retained until adulthood and difficult to change or unlearn (Myers, 2008). These gender stereotypes develop alongside gender roles, influence gender roles, and are reinforced by gender roles. Understanding the factors that foster the development of gender stereotypes and gender roles provide the key areas in influencing the development or...