Nvq Level 3 Diploma in Teaching and Learning

Learning Outcome 1   Know the structure of education from early years to
post-compulsory education.    

1.1 Summarise entitlement and provision for early year’s education.

There are different types of childcare options available for 0-5 year olds, these include:

• Sure Start Children’s Centre: These centres work with parents from the birth of their child, providing early years education for children, full day care, short-term care, health and family support, and parenting advice as well as providing advice on training and employment.

• Nursery schools:   Provide early learning and childcare for children between the ages of three and five years old, and are often based at Sure Start Children’s Centres or linked to a primary school.

• Preschools and playgroups:   Usually run by voluntary groups providing part-time play and early learning for the under-fives. Three and four year olds can get 15 hours a week of free early year’s education at these providers.

• Day Nurseries:   These are often based in workplaces and are run by businesses or voluntary groups providing care and learning activities for children from birth to five years old.

• Childminders:   These look after children under the age of 12 years, in the childminder’s own home. A childminder can look after up to six children under the age of eight years old, although no more than three of them must be under the age of five.

• Nannies and home-based carers:   These provide care for children in their own home and can look after children of any age.

Since 2004 all children in the UK aged three and four years old have been entitled to free places at nursery or another preschool setting, including childminders. From 1st September 2010 the Government extended these hours from 12.5 to 15 hours for up to 38 weeks of the year.
The free entitlement provides access to early childhood education and care, ensuring that all children have the opportunity to benefit from early years education. The...