Nsci 280 Wk 1

University of Phoenix Material

Week One Quiz
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Chapter 1 The Human Organism
1. Knowledge of the structure of body parts helps us to understand their function. Which of the following is an accurate example of that principle?

a. The basic structural unit of the body is the cell.
b. The internal environment of the body is maintained in a relatively stable condition.
c. Moveable joints allow us to bend our fingers to perform many different actions.
d. Each tissue type is composed of cells that have a similar structure and function.
e. Negative feedback is not homeostatic.

2. Organize the following structural levels of the human body from simplest to most complex.
(1) cell
(2) tissue
(3) chemical
(4) organ system
(5) organ

a. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
b. 2, 3, 1, 4, 5
c. 3, 1, 2, 5, 4
d. 4, 2, 3, 1, 5
e. 3, 1, 2, 4, 5

3. The gallbladder, liver, and stomach are all part of the

a. endocrine system.
b. cardiovascular system.
c. skeletal system.
d. respiratory system.
e. digestive system.

4. A cell is

a. a small structure within a cell.
b. a structure composed of several tissue types.
c. the basic structural unit of plants and animals.
d. a group of organs with a common set of functions.
e. a group of cells with similar structure and function.

5. Which of the following is most similar to the negative feedback mechanism in human physiology?

a. A car runs out of gas and stops.
b. A teacher marks all the wrong answers on students' exam papers.
c. A toilet tank refills itself after a flush.
d. An automatic door opens as soon as somebody approaches it.
e. A clock ticks on a shelf.

6. Which of the following sets of directional terms are most appropriately referred to as opposites?

a. distal and proximal
b. medial and inferior
c. superior and ventral
d. anterior and deep
e. lateral and superior

7. The thumb is ___ to the fifth digit...