Mood disorders: are a category of illnesses that describe a serious change in mood. Illness under mood disorders include: major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, persistent depressive disorder (long lasting low grade depression), cyclothymia (a mild form of bipolar disorder), and SAD (seasonal affective disorder).
Personality mood: are conditions in which an individual differs significantly from an average person in terms of how they think, perceive, feel or relate to others.
Anxiety disorders: Is a feeling of unease, such a worry or fear that can be mild or severe.
Psychotic disorders: are mental illnesses that are characterised by psychotic symptoms, which can generally be described as a loss of contact with reality.
Substance related disorders: are disorders of dependence, intoxication, abuse, and substance withdrawal caused by various substances, both legal and illegal.
Eating disorders: Any of a range of psychological disorders characterised by abnormal or disturbed eating habits such as anorexia nervous.
Cognitive disorders: Are a category of mental health disorders that primary affect learning, memory, perception, and problem solving and include; amnesia, dementia and delirium
The key strengths of the psychiatric classification system is that it that it provides a well-designed standard, and comprehensive diagnostic tool for clinicians and it allows physicians to look at the complete psychological make-up of a person. One of its limitations is that it assumes that mental disorders 'fit' neatly into categories and members of the clinical team can have different views about what symptoms represent. Sometimes normal behaviour can be 'pathologised' when it is just a trait of their personality. This is why it is important to establish a pattern of behaviour over a period of time before confirming a diagnosis.
Biological and medical frameworks view psychological problems as resulting from physical causes such as brain defects,...