Model United Nations Sample Essay

Committee: The Arab League
Topic: The Continuous Crises of Syria
Country: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Delegate: Rick Da
School: San Mateo High School

In March 2011, the Arab Spring that had swept through the Middle East and toppled down governments in Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt reached Syria. Syrian Sunnis, who account for 74 percent of the population, resented the long, authoritarian rule of the Ba’ath Party led by Bashar al-Assad, a Shiite Alawite. The Ba’ath Party has been in power since 1970 and holds a monopoly over the government.
      Nationwide protests in Syria against President Bashar al-Assad were repressed by the regime, sparking an uprising pitting the Sunni opposition against the Shiite/Alawite Ba’ath party that has ruled since 1970. On that day, Assad’s forces arrested 35 protestors in Damascus and killed several protestors in Deraa. 11 days later, Assad’s forces shot into protestors demanding the end of Syria’s emergency laws, killing 26 people. Later, Assad accepted the resignation of his government –though he himself did not step down– and ended Syria’s emergency rule a month later. However, the protestors were not satisfied and demanded that Bashar al-Assad completely give up power. Assad refused, and the nightmarish Syrian Civil War ensued.
      The Civil War has caused a severe humanitarian crisis in Syria. The death toll, according to the British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, is believed to have climbed above 18000. Most of these deaths are civilian lives, and women and children face “systematic slaughter,” with almost daily reports of war crimes and atrocities committed by both the Government and the opposition. UN Humanitarian Chief Valerie Amos, who was let into Syria after initially being denied access, has reported that Syria’s humanitarian situation is grave and that Assad’s government did not answer her demands for humanitarian aid. Currently, Syrians lack access to food, water, sanitation, and health care...