Legislation on Safeguarding in Ni

1.1 Outline the current legislation that underpins the safeguarding of children within Northern Ireland

There are a number of legal documents that provide guidance on the protection of children, they are:
1. UN Convention on the Rights of Children:
Article 3 states that when organisations make decisions which affect children, the best interests of the child must be primary.
Article 12 states a child who is capable of forming his/her own views should be assured the right to express those views freely in all matters affecting the child.
Article 19 states children have a right to be protected from all forms of physical or mental violence , injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation including sexual abuse by those looking after them.

Anyone involved in looking after children, such as teacher, childminder, youth worker, need to ensure that the articles above are taken into account when policies and procedures are being drawn up and more importantly implemented. Robust recruitment and selection of staff should be in force and staff should be regularly trained in safeguarding issues. Building should be safe and secure and all visitors identified, access to areas in which children are present are restricted.
Children’s views must be taken into account when planning activities and they need to be given information around their safety and how to seek help if they require it.

2. The Children’s (NI) Order
States that the welfare of the child must be the paramount consideration and it is this essential principle which underpins this guidance.

To ensure this principle is adhered to all policies and procedures must be developed with the child’s safety in mind, policies need to be fully implemented and reviewed annually.

3. Data Protection Act
Organisations must ensure that all details they hold on a child is protected and never disclosed to a third party. Staff need to ensure policies and procedures are...