Learning Theories

Assessment 1
As a nurse I am constantly learning, as a Nurse Lecturer and Clinician, I am constantly teaching. In this essay, I will demonstrate my knowledge of learning theories and attempt to link them to familiar contexts.
Autonomy is associated with independent thinking, individual decision making and critical thinking. Autonomous students are responsible for their own learning.
According to Knowle’s (1975) theory of Androgogy, the students are self directed and responsible for their own decision making, and that adult learners have specific needs, which differ from child learners. Some of the principles of this theory include:
  * Adults are to be involved in the planning and evaluating their learning
  * Learning (from mistakes) provides basis for gaining experience
  * Adults prefer to learn what is relevant to them or their jobs
  * Adults respond better to problem-centered learning, than content-centered learning.
The advantages would include, the student being more motivated to learn, they feel connected to the learning process, and it allows students to study at their own pace.
The disadvantages would include, students feeling unmotivated and a disruption in the learning process if the content is not understood.
One example from my practice could include the development of a care plan by the Nursing Assistant students. Whilst on clinical placement in the community, the students had to work towards a plan of care, by researching their client, their client’s condition and the medical and surgical history. To achieve this the student must select a client to base their care plan on, research, utilize, reflect and critique their own work. This would form a basis of self-directed learning, with the student planning and evaluating their care. This allows the student to assess the relevance of planned care.
Own goal setting is where adult learners set their own goals through self assessment. By doing this they become and active partner in their...