Leadership and Management

Unit 28 understand the process and experience of dementia.
The causes of dementia can include:-
Alzheimer’s disease – this is the most common cause of dementia. This is caused by the nerve cells dying in certain areas of the brain, this also causes the connections between the affected nerve cells to deteriorate, as the disease progresses it spreads and affects cells in other parts of the brain.
Vascular dementia – this is a form of dementia caused by damage to the brain through deprivation of oxygenated blood. This is carried round the brain through the arteries. If the organ is deprived of blood it will die and this is what happens to the brain in vascular dementia.
Creutzfelt jakob disease – this is a form of dementia caused by prion disease. Prions are proteins which are found in mammals. When these proteins cluster together in the brain they cause the brain cells to die. When they die they leave holes in the brain called spongiosis. This damage to the brain causes neurological difficulties and dementia. There are four forms of CJD sporadic, familial, iatrogenic and variant.
Fronto-temporal dementia – this is a rare form of dementia and tends to affect younger people and is more common in men. This is caused by damage to the frontal lobe and or the temporal part of the brain.
Dementia with lewy bodies – these are tiny proteins which are found inside the nerve cells of the brain. These deposits alter the way the brain functions and can be found in people with dementia or Parkinson’s disease.
The types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia can include, misplacing items, disorientated in familiar places, forgetting people’s names, has difficulty using the right word, forget an appointment or event, feel lost, looses sense of time and date, may have little or no awareness of their cognitive problems, withdrawal from social interaction, loss of day to day sills such as dressing – eating – cooking, changes to...