Jean-Paul Sarte

Jean-Paul Sartre


In 1939, Jean-Paul Sartre served as a meteorologist in the French army. In the region of North East France, known as Lorraine, Sartre was captured by German troops and spent nine months as a prisoner of war. During his nine-month stint as a prisoner of war Sartre wrote his first piece, Barionà, fils du tonnerre, a theatrical drama having to do with Christmas. During the time of his captivity Sartre read many books that influenced his interest in philosophy such as Heidegger’s “Being and Time.” Due to bad health Sartre was released as a prisoner of war in 1941.
            After being released, Sartre began looking into becoming a member of an active resistance group but was discouraged by the lack of supporters. Sartre’s discouragement lead him to produce three books, within the years 1941-1944, each containing the message of free will as well as existentialist themes throughout each book. (Being and Nothingness, The Flies, and No Exist).
            After the liberation of Paris in 1944 Sartre wrote a book trying to explain the etiology of “hate” using anti-Semitic hate as an example. The book was titled Anti-Semite and Jew. Between the years 1945-1949 Sartre established a magazine that focused on politics called, Modern Times, and focused his own time mainly on writing and political activism.
              After World War II Sartre’s works began to delve into politics even more. Sartre openly admitted to embracing the beliefs of Marxism, though he did not join the communist party. He also voiced his opinion, effectively denouncing French rule in Algeria even going as far as to becoming a major supporter of the FLN, the National Liberation Front; which was a socialist political party in Algeria.
            These political actions effectively made Jean-Paul Sartre targeted as an enemy of the state according to the (OAS), “Organisation de l'armée secrete,” the Secret Armed Organization; which was a French organized military group...