Introduction to Psychodynamic Therapies

Zeynep Yildirim Fricker

The unexamined life is not worth living.

This is an introductory work to Psychodynamic Approaches. It aims to develop some understanding of the dynamics of the object relations, by presenting elements of both Klein and Winnicot’s approaches. Considering the size and the complexity of the subject, this essay should be considered as a summary of the summary.
Every theory is born from assumptions and these assumptions became core principles of that theory.
I therefore found it useful to explain the core assumptions of Psychodynamic/Psychoanalytic Theories in part 1.
There are a few approaches to psychodynamic theory such as object relations, self psychology, inter-subjective approaches and brief psychodynamic theories.
Each of these psychodynamic approaches bring us different perspectives in our understanding of human functioning.
My main focus will be on object relations.
Whilst many great names of the object relations school have put their signature to, and influenced, the therapeutic world
(Melaine Klein, Winnicot, Bowlby, Fairbain, Kohut, Bion and many others) my focus will be on Klein (as the starter of the object relationship) and Winnicot whose work I find meaningful in my personal development. Their spectrum of object relations, and therapeutic materials will be explained through my own personal and professional experience in part 2.

The conclusion uses short comparisons between the two clinician’s approaches.
I allow myself reflections here, as I am permitting these influences to happen in the here and now, whilst working through the subject and evaluating my experiences in this essay.

Part 1
Basic core Assumption of Psychoanalytic / Psychodynamic Theory
Psychoanalytic Theory is the most influential, traditional and long lived theory in the understanding of human dilemma and behaviour. As a result of...