In Bloom-Opium in Afghanistan

Development is a complex issue, with many different and sometimes debatable definitions. However, achieving human development is linked to a position of development which views it as freeing people from obstacles that affect their ability to develop their own lives and communities. Development, therefore, is empowerment: it is about local people taking control of their own lives, expressing their own demands and finding their own solutions to their problems. Therefore, there may be two different types: developed and underdeveloped. A developed country is one that has a good economy in both an international and national senses.   It is a country that has a good economy at home, and afar, and has a respectable standard of living. Fundamentally, a developed country must have a large infrastructure with adequate support for trade, and a government that is relatively stable.
Likewise, underdeveloped is the opposite. To analyze the degree of severity in which a state is underdeveloped, one must fundamentally understand the nature and types of underdevelopment. The term, ‘underdeveloped’ can describe several different circumstances. These different types of underdevelopment are: political, social and economic. Through these types, an underdeveloped nation may experience a combination, ranging in different degrees of severity.
Afghanistan, a landlocked South-Central Asian country of modest size is bordered by Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and China. It is one of the poorest countries in the world, with over 36 percent of the population living in absolute poverty, and a further 37 percent living only slightly above the poverty line in 2010. However, if Afghanistan were located in a peaceful region, surrounded by stable countries, the question of national unity and identity might not appear so large. But three decades of war, revolution, terrorism and foreign intervention by Russia, Pakistan, The Arab world and the United States have made that...